Guidelines for Responding to Student Threats of Violence
The Virginia Model for Student Threat Assessment is a set of guidelines for school administrators to use in responding to a reported student threat of violence including those with disabilities. School teams will be trained to use a decision tree process of evaluating threats and determining appropriate interventions to resolve the conflict or problem that precipitated the threat. In 2002, Professor Dewey Cornell of the University of Virginia led a team of educators and researchers to develop a practical and effective set of guidelines for schools to use in responding to threats of violence. The resulting model was described in the 2006 manual, Guidelines for Responding to Student Threats of Violence. After years of development and research, this model, the Virginia Student Threat Assessment Guidelines (VSTAG), was formally recognized as an evidence-based program by the federal government's National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices in 2013. Over the past 17 years, VSTAG has been widely disseminated in the United States and Canada. No other model of threat assessment has demonstrated effectiveness in controlled studies published in peer-reviewed journals.
**School Teams are required. Recommended team members include the Principal and/or Assistant Principal, School Counselor, School Psychologist, SRO, and the Director of Special Education or Special Education teacher leader at the school.**